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What is Aphasia?


Aphasia is an impairment in language production or comprehension brought about by neurological damage having multiple possible causes.


šŸ‘‰In Brocaā€™s aphasia, the damage is to Brocaā€™s area of the brain.

ā–ŖļøBrocaā€™s aphasia is characterized by nonfluent speech. However, by and large, speech perception is not affected, and language comprehension is normal.

ā–ŖļøBrocaā€™s aphasics have a halted speech pattern and have difficulty speaking sentences. There is also some evidence that Brocaā€™s aphasics have deficits in understanding complex grammar relative to controls, even though their word comprehension shows no such deficit.


šŸ‘‰Damage to Wernickeā€™s area results in deficits in the comprehension of language, a condition called Wernickeā€™s aphasia.

ā–ŖļøSevere Wernickeā€™s aphasia may result in a complete absence of understanding language. Speech is, by and large, fluent, but it may appear to not make sense to listeners, as the patients themselves cannot understand what they are saying. This meaningless speech is sometimes called jargon aphasia.

ā–ŖļøUnlike a person with Brocaā€™s aphasia, a personindividuals with Wernickeā€™s aphasia often shows a blithe indifference to their disorder and seem unaware of their problems.


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