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Physical exercise and wellbeing


There are consistent evidences that Physical Exercise has many benefits for people of any age, improving psychological wellbeing and quality of life.

- In children, is correlated with high levels of self-efficacy, tasks goal orientation, and perceived competence.

- In youth and adulthood, most studies evidenced an association with better health outcomes, such as better mood and self-concept.

- In the aging population, helps maintaining independence, favouring social relations and mental health.

Biological effects

• increased cerebral blood flow,

• maximal oxygen consumption and delivery of oxygen to cerebral tissue, reduction in muscle tension, increased serum concentrations of endocannabinoid receptors

• cerebral structural changes, increased levels of neurotransmitters (e.g., serotonin, beta-endorphins)

Psychological benefits

Physical Exercise decreases:

• anxiety;

• depression;

• dysfunctional and psychotic behaviours;

• hostility;

• tension;

• phobias;

• headaches.

Physical Exercise increases:

• assertiveness;

• confidence;

• emotional stability;

• cognitive functioning;

• internal locus of control;

• positive body image;

• self-control

• sexual satisfaction

Mandolesi et al., 2018

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