Neurological Tests

"Semiology is the part of medicine that studies the signs and symptoms of diseases."


  • The semiology of the nervous system, aims to enable a correct diagnosis, based on the knowledge of anatomy and the pathologies already studied. We can thus say that semiology has a theoretical part (knowledge of the various neurological syndromes) and a practical part of research with the patient.

  • The importance of the well-done neurological examination with the correct research techniques, so that the complementary tests are, as the name says, subsidies to our diagnosis, not the first condition.


  • Each item of the neurological examination is important in the diagnosis of the patient. We relate below, in a didactic way, the various stages of this exam and, below, some details that we deem important regarding each item.

How is the neurological exam done?


A. Inspect

  1. Skull and spine

  2. Static

  3. Range of movements

  4. March

  5. Muscle strength

  6. Muscle tone

  7. Coordination

  8. Deep and deep reflections

  9. Sensory / Sensitivity superficial and deep

  10. Cranial nerves

  11. Word and language

  12. Autonomic Nervous System (sphincters)

  13. Mental state

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Created by HPB / HPS