Neuropsychology Consultation and Assessment
What is Neuropsychological Assessment?
The process of Neuropsychological Evaluation is a procedure that allows to evaluate the relationship between the brain and the consequent behavior, based on clinical pictures related to the Central Nervous System. It is used and indicated as a means of complementary diagnosis in cases of suspected cognitive, emotional and / or behavioral difficulties of neurological origin.
Through the Neuropsychological Assessment it is possible not only to identify the cognitive functions that are compromised, but also the cognitive functions that are preserved (for example, attention, memory, language, executive functions, reasoning) and consequently the degree of impairment functions.
How are Neuropsychological Evaluations performed?
Through interviewing the individual and / or their relatives / caregivers, based on the observation and use of neuropsychological tests, these being the main methods used in these evaluations. The neuropsychological evaluation is carried out on average during two sessions, and it is concluded on the form of an evaluation report.
What is Neuropsychological Assessment?
1. Identify in a detailed and detailed way the capacities of the individual that are compromised in particular in the cognitive, emotional and / or behavioral alterations in cases of:
Non-degenerative pathology (eg Stroke, Cranioencephalic Trauma);
Degenerative pathology (eg Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease);
Neurodevelopmental disturbance (eg, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), among others;
2. Performing differential diagnosis (eg categorizing subtypes of dementia or differentiating between neurological symptoms and psychiatric symptoms);
3. Monitoring of pharmacological and / or neuropsychological rehabilitation therapies;
4. Development of neuropsychological rehabilitation programs, identifying limitations and resources of individuals and outlining intervention strategies.
Neuropsychological Rehabilitation focuses on the development of cognitive abilities committed in individuals with deficits, so that they can achieve a good performance in three fundamental levels:
1) physical, 2) psychic and 3) social.
It is performed with therapeutic purpose, adjusting to each patient perceiving their difficulties and potentializing their capabilities, thus providing a better quality of life for the patient and those around him.
Neuropsychological Rehabilitation is performed in:
Cases where previously compromised cognitive functions and abilities can be recovered, either in cases resulting from neurological damage (CVAs, TBIs) or in neurodevelopmental disorders such as Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Cases where there is still no impairment of cognitive functions, but in which there is a need for compensation of cognitive abilities (eg neurodegenerative diseases - Alzheimer's disease). It is also recommended for healthy people who want to improve their abilities (eg memory, attention).
How is Neuropsychological Rehabilitation performed?
There are not a certain number of sessions for Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, and it depends of course on numerous factors related to both the pathology and the individual. These sessions are performed with resources to computer techniques or even using pencil and paper.
Indications for integration in neuropsychology consultation (Evaluation and Rehabilitation)
Clinical charts, such as:
Neurodevelopmental disorders (eg, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Learning Disabilities, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
Degenerative diseases (eg Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and other dementia)
Non-degenerative diseases (eg Stroke, Cranioencephalic Injuries, Brain Tumors, Epilepsy):
Non-dementia clinical pictures (depression).
Symptoms and signs, such as:
Difficulty in carrying out day-to-day tasks (eg, keeping messages, managing medicines, making purchases and payments)
Problems of attention and concentration